Discuss the role of critical thinking in solving problem

You must not let your emotions — or the emotions of others — affect your judgement. Critical thinking requires you to challenge assumptions — and to question the validity of and potential bias in information. Critical thinking is the ability to engage in independent thinking — making up your own mind from evidence and facts rather than just accepting information. You need to be open to new ideas. You must explore the issue by discovering information about it. You might need to co-operate with others to get information or more details and negotiate with them in this process.

Then you will test your assumptions check your ideas against the data and revise your beliefs if the data indicates that your initial ideas were inaccurate.

Then you need to integrate this new knowledge into the problem and your general thinking and perhaps share your ideas to inform others. In many respects it is like the scientific method. You construct a hypothesis a theory and then design experiments or seek data to prove or disprove the hypothesis. To solve a problem you might have to gather new information or look at the problem from a different point of view or perspective.

For example, two people are arguing as they both want the same office. You need to consider why each of them thinks that they are entitled to the office. Perhaps a solution in this situation would be to agree that they share the office or take turns in using it. Another approach is to consider what the goals and barriers are. The goal in our example might be that one person likes the view from the office and the other one wants to be near their co-workers. So the solution is to either find another office with a view or move the co-workers.


Overview of Critical Thinking

The barriers might include one person not wanting to lose face about giving up their argument about the office. You must first understand and structure the problem. This stage involves observation and inspection looking carefully at things , fact-finding and developing a clear picture of the problem. Gain more information about the problem to increase your understanding.

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Often, if you start with the same definition of a problem that everyone else has, your thinking will be the same and you will come up with the same solutions. Therefore, you should take time diagnosing and exploring and perhaps redefining or reframing the problem. Another way to tackle this is to be clear about your goals — What are you trying to achieve?

What would be a good outcome if the problem was resolved?

2 – Critical thinking improves students’ flexibility and learning skills

What would good look like? The more complex the problem, the more information you will need to obtain. Sometimes you will find that there are several parts to the problem and each requires a different solution. Breaking things down might make a complex problem easier to solve. Now you generate a wide range of possible courses of action — even if some of them seem unlikely — with little attempt to evaluate the ideas at this stage. Here the aim to generate lots of ideas without worrying too much about their value.

How to Think Critically as an SMB Owner

Evaluation of ideas comes later. Often the germ of a good idea can be found in a wild suggestion.

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Organizing Information: Before you start solving your problem, you need to organize your facts: What do you know? What do you not know?

The more information you have, the better. The more of a priority it is, the more time, money or other resources you may want to use. Evaluating the Results: Need to evaluate your results to determine if that is the best possible solutions www. Here are two lesson ideas that utilize critical thinking and problem solving:.

Mock Trial: Each student would be given a role in the court room and as a class, we would play through the trial with both sides arguing why they are innocent or not and have the jury and the judge solve the case. Critical Thinking: This is a very important skill to understand and be able to use in everyday life no matter your age. In order to succeed, you need to be able to use critical thinking in order to problem solve.